What To Do If You Take Too Much Melatonin
So what should you do if you take too much melatonin and start feeling side effects? Well, the good news is they usually disappear on their own:
- If you go back to your typical dose, side effects will likely disappear in a few days.
- If you stop taking melatonin supplements altogether, then recovery is often immediate.
“If you’ve taken too much melatonin, it’s best to wait it out,” says Powers. “Avoid caffeine or other stimulants. In this case, two wrongs don’t make a right. Drinking a relaxing tea and reading a book are good options while you wait.”
If you have a strong sensitivity to melatonin, its side effects may feel distressing. You may want someone to watch over you.
“If someone takes too much melatonin, have a reliable adult stay with the person who took the melatonin until he or she is fully rested and awake. That reliable adult should also awaken the person who took the melatonin every half hour while napping. If the person’s breathing is not normal or if the person will not fully awaken, call 911 or go to the nearest Emergency Department,” says Johnson-Arbor.
Reports Of Melatonin Poisoning In Kids Have Spiked Dramatically
Poison control centers in the U.S. have seen a dramatic rise in reports of kids ingesting melatonin over the last decade.
From 2012 to 2021, these incidents increased 530 percent, according to a study from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released Thursday. The largest yearly increase occurred from 2019 to 2020, when reports spiked by 38 percent.
Melatonin is a hormone that can help regulate sleep. It’s also produced and sold as a dietary supplement in pill, liquid or gummy form. Melatonin sales rose 150 percent in the U.S. between 2016 and 2020, according to the CDC.
The agency said that most poison control reports came after kids took melatonin supplements accidentally. Less than 6 percent of the ingestions were intentional, meaning that either parents gave melatonin to kids or older children took too much on purpose.
“This might be related to increased accessibility of melatonin during the pandemic, as children spent more time at home because of stay-at-home orders and school closures,” the CDC report said. “Further, reports of increasing sleep disturbances during the pandemic might have led to increased availability of melatonin in the home.”
A survey of mostly U.S. residents found that worries about Covid-19 were a consistent predictor of insomnia.
Five children were placed on ventilators. Two of those children, ages 3 months and 13 months, died.
Swap Supplements For Natural Melatonin
Melatonin is a key part of a good nightâs sleep, but you donât need to worry about how much of it you need to take. Instead, use the RISE app to practice good sleep hygiene and align your sleep schedule with your circadian rhythm. This will ensure your brain can produce enough natural melatonin to help you fall asleep each night, so you can perform your best each day.
On the rare occasions your brain needs a helping hand â think jet lag, shift work, or moving your sleep schedule â melatonin supplements can be useful as a short-term sleep aid. In those cases, we recommend starting with smaller doses to reduce the risk of side effects, and going back to focusing on natural melatonin production soon after.
You May Like: What Is The Normal Testosterone Level
So How Much Melatonin Should I Take
There’s no official standard dosage of melatonin that researchers have established as the optimal or ideal amount to take and you’ll find that melatonin is available to purchase in a wide range of strengths. In general, however, Dr. Rishi recommends a dosage of 3 to 5 mg for adults. As for children, you’ll need clear any dosage recommendations with a pediatrician, who can provide guidance based on your child’s complete medical history.
According to the AASM, however, it’s possible for a small dose of melatonin to work better than a large dose in fact, a dose of about 0.3 mg closely resembles the level of your bodys natural melatonin production. The “right” dose of melatonin can depend on factors such as your age, weight and individual sensitivity so as a general rule, it’s best to start with the lowest dose of melatonin possible and work up from there.
“Ideally, I’d start an adult on the low end of 0.2 mg yet most over-the-counter supplements start with much higher doses of melatonin which is honestly not necessary,” says Stacy Mobley, NMD, MPH, a licensed naturopathic doctor. “I would not start a child on melatonin.”
One important thing to note: Since melatonin is not regulated or quality controlled by the FDA, it’s possible for the dosing on the label to correlate with how much hormone is actually within the supplement.
How Long Does Melatonin Last
This can vary depending on the dose. After doses of 1 to 5 mg, melatonin levels will reach 10 to 100 times the bodys natural nighttime peak within an hour and then typically return to their normal concentrations within four to eight hours. One reason to cap melatonin intake at 5 mg per day is so youre not still feeling its sleep-signaling effects by morning.
Recommended Reading: Spring Valley Melatonin 10 Mg
Is Melatonin Safe For Children
Its no wonder parents are uncertain about this. If you surf the web, youre likely to get mixed messages, with some experts sounding an alarm and others saying it is harmless.
In general, when used properly, melatonin seems to have relatively few side effects in children, most of them minor, such as headaches, increased bedwetting, nightmares, dizziness, mood changes, and morning grogginess, all of which disappear with discontinuation. However, there are ongoing concerns based on studies in animals showing melatonin can affect puberty-related hormones. While there is very little evidence to suggest this is true in humans, the reality is no long-term clinical trials, which would settle the question, have yet been conducted.
Symptoms Of Melatonin Overdose
Too much melatonin can have the opposite effect of its intended purpose. It can make it harder to sleep because your normal circadian rhythms will be disrupted.
For some people, too much melatonin can affect their blood pressure. Medications that lower blood pressure, such as calcium channel blockers and beta-blockers, may reduce your bodys natural production of melatonin.
However, taking a supplement to make up for lower melatonin levels may not always be advisable. Be sure to talk with your doctor about melatonin and any other supplements you take if youve been prescribed medications to help control your blood pressure.
Don’t Miss: Testosterone Side Effects For Men
When Should You Take Melatonin Supplements And How Much Should You Take
As much as we advocate ditching supplements and harnessing natural melatonin instead, there are times when our brain needs a little helping hand and over-the-counter supplements can be useful as a short-term solution.
Melatonin can be used to help certain sleep disorders like insomnia or diagnosed delayed sleep-wake phase disorder, or to help older adults with sleep issues . But you should speak to a healthcare professional to get tailored medical advice if thatâs your aim.
For the rest of us, the main situations when youâd take melatonin would be when you need to sleep when you otherwise wouldnât naturally. Melatonin acts as a chronobiotic â or something that can adjust the timing of your sleep-wake cycle. Taking supplements in the day can make you feel sleepy earlier or later than you usually would, allowing you to shift your circadian rhythm forward or backward.
So, you should consider taking melatonin supplements to help:
- Overcome jet lag
- Adjust to shift work
- Move your sleep schedule
More research still needs to be done to determine the best doses to take in each of these cases, but hereâs what the science says so far:
Things To Consider Before Taking Melatonin:
So what can you do to get better sleep, instead of reaching for that bottle of melatonin every night? Dr. Mobley stresses the importance of healthy sleep habits, exercise and stress management all of which can give you the “right building blocks” your body needs for a good night’s sleep.
One of the most important things to do is practice good sleep hygiene, which refers to the various healthy habits and behaviors you engage in to help you have a good night’s sleep. According to Dr. Mobley, this includes:
Don’t Miss: What Causes Elevated Cortisol Levels
Dr Culvers Take Home Points The Need To Know
Does Melatonin Help With Anxiety
Melatonin, a hormone produced by your body, has been shown to improve symptoms of anxiety. Supplementing with melatonin for anxiety can improve sleep quality, regulate circadian rhythm, and ease negative feelings associated with anxiousness. Your hormone levels play a key role in your emotional state.
Read Also: How To Check Hormone Levels
Melatonin Dose For Adults
Since melatonin is considered a supplement, its not regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration . But if youre still interested in using the supplement, in most cases, Dr. Goldman suggests using the lowest dose possible for the shortest amount of time to achieve your desired outcome. In general, melatonin can be used in two ways.
Taking melatonin as a sleep aid
This method is meant to help you fall asleep faster in a very short amount of time. Dr. Goldman suggests starting with 1 mg, and then increasing that amount by 1 mg every week until youve reduced the amount of time it takes you to fall asleep. But you should know, this method isnt super effective because you can easily interrupt the melatonin process.
Its important to note that its really easy to overcome the effect of melatonin, says Dr. Goldman. If you take it and then get on your phone, go on social media, play video games or if you have an overactive mind thats racing or worrying, you will likely overpower the effect of melatonin.
For this reason, its best if you take melatonin when you start feeling tired and make sure you allow your body to be at full rest when you take it.
Taking melatonin to adjust your circadian rhythm
For these more chronic cases, Dr. Goldman suggests working with a sleep medicine physician or behavioral sleep medicine specialist to create a sleep-wake schedule that may include the use of melatonin.
What If My Child Accidentally Ingests Melatonin Or Deliberately Overdoses
The CDC study found a surge in reports of pediatric melatonin ingestions to poison control centers over the past decade, in keeping with skyrocketing melatonin sales. Most ingestions were accidental and involved children under age 5 many melatonin products are sold as gummies and are easy to mistake for candy. But there has also been an increase in intentional overdoses of melatonin by adolescents as a means of self-harm.
Most but not all of these ingestions are relatively harmless. In the CDC study, about 80 percent of children had no symptoms the main symptoms seen were drowsiness, upset stomachs, vomiting, and headaches. Of more than 260,000 ingestions in the 10-year period, about 4,000 children were hospitalized, and a handful needed to be put on ventilators. Most of those hospitalized were teenagers whose ingestions were deliberate. Two children died.
If youre concerned about your child accidentally ingesting melatonin, or deliberately overdosing on melatonin,
You May Like: How To Get Cortisol Levels Down
How Long Does Melatonin Stay In Your Body
Naturally released melatonin is automatically regulated by the brain: melatonin levels decrease during the day and increase throughout the evening, peaking as we are falling asleep and decreasing again.
When it comes to melatonin supplements, however, the length of the effects will largely depend on what dose of melatonin you are taking and the amount of time youve been taking the medication for. Other factors such as body weight, metabolism, and overall health status may also influence melatonin levels.
Just like sleep patterns and sleep quality, no one person is the same when it comes to melatonin and its effects!
Generally speaking, however, you can expect melatonin to stay in your body for about five hours due to its half-life.
Also Check: What Is The Max Dose Of Melatonin For Adults
How Long Will I Sleep If I Take 10mg Of Melatonin
The effects of melatonin last according to the dosage. A dosage of 0.5 mg will last only an hour while a 10 mg dosage will last more than seven hours. It all depends on how severe your condition. If you have infrequent episodes of sleeplessness, then a dosage of one or two milligrams should help you fall asleep.
Also Check: How Many 5mg Melatonin Pills Should I Take
What Happens When You Take Too Much Melatonin
The words too much melatonin are a bit subjective here, as there arent set guidelines on maximum dosages. Age, physical health and other medications all play a role in how melatonin affects each person.
That said, taking large quantities can cause the following symptoms
- Repeated vomiting
Some people also report feeling drowsy the following day when taking too much melatonin the night before.
Can You Overdose On Vitamin D
Vitamin D toxicity is extremely rare, but does occur with extreme doses. It usually develops over time, since extra vitamin D can build up in the body. Nearly all vitamin D overdoses result from taking high amounts of vitamin D supplements. It is almost impossible to get too much vitamin D from sunlight or food.
Also Check: Do Prenatal Vitamins Have Estrogen
What Is A Safe Melatonin Dose
According to Michael Grandner, director of the Sleep and Health Research Program at the University of Arizona, melatonin is very safe if taken in normal doses, which is anything between 0.5 mg and 5 mg.
A 0.5 mg dose may be all thats needed for sleep-cycle regulation, and should be taken three to five hours before bed, he says. For people who want to take melatonin just before bed, a 5 mg dose is appropriate. Some people report headaches or stomach problems at higher doses, but those side-effects are uncommon, he says.
Still, there are other concerns. Melatonin has an incredible safety record, no doubt about it, says Dr. Mark Moyad, the Jenkins/Pomkempner director of preventive and alternative medicine at the University of Michigan. But its a hormone, and you dont want to mess around with hormones until you know what theyre doing.
People with existing medical problems should discuss melatonin with their doctor before using it. While some research has found that melatonin may help treat hyperglycemia in people with diabetes, for example, other studies have shown that, in diabetes patients who carry certain genetic traits, melatonin may interfere with glucose regulation. Its these sorts of contradictory findings that give experts pause when it comes to issuing melatonin a full-throated endorsement.
Regular Vs Extended Release
When you think of melatonin, youre likely thinking of a regular pill that instantly releases melatonin into your body. However, extended-release melatonin pills, sometimes called slow- or time-release pills, allow the melatonin to dissolve in your body gradually.
Extended-release melatonin mimics natural melatonin production in your body, and for people who wake up throughout the night, its particularly helpful in keeping you asleep and helping you fall back asleep.
Finding The Right Melatonin Dose With Omega Restore
Working with customers has made me formulate this general guideline to finding your optimal Omega Restore dose:
Start with the lowest dose and work your way up as necessary. We typically recommend starting with a 2 mg dose and increasing from there as needed.
If you do not feel any difference in your sleep pattern after 5 to 7 days, increase the dose.
If you get too high a dose meaning, you experience frequent or early waking then reduce the dose. You can always reduce the dose by taking half a vial .
When you find the best dose for you, you should wake up feeling refreshed in the morning, as well as feel less stressed and tired during the day. When you have found this personal best dose, there doesnt seem to be much change over time.
Personally, I increase my nightly dose while traveling internationally. This seems to take away any jet lag issues. If I feel after some time that Omega Restore seems to work less, then I skip taking the vial for a few days for the body to break down any surplus.
If you have questions about using Omega Restore or finding your right dose, give us a call at 866.414.0188 or leave a comment below.